Mathmetics
ISBT Mathmetics for all banking PO,Clerk,IBPS PO,Railway,SSC,IAS,OAS Exams
Q1. 

1)  5/12  2)  7/12 
3)  11/12  4)  3/11 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 7/12
Explanation :
Explanation :
Total number of trials = 300 (Since there are 300 students all together).
Number of times a cricket player is chosen = 95 (Since 95 students play cricket).
Number of times a football player is chosen = 120.
Number of times a volleyball player is chosen = 80.
Number of times a student is chosen who plays no games = 5.
The probability of getting a player who plays either cricket or volleyball
= (95+80)/300 = 175/300 = 7/12
=
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Q2. 

1)  2  2)  4 
3)  5  4)  6 
Answer : 8
Explanation :
Explanation :
Bag X:
Two balls taken from bag x, total probability,
According to the question,
40/87 = (Probability of getting 1st green and second blue * Probability of getting 1st blue and second green)
Take green = 10 and blue = 20
According to the question,
40/87 = 10 * 20 * 2/(30 * 29)
40/87 = 40/87
Let us take number of green balls taken out from bag Y be a
Number of blue balls taken out from bag Y = a + 4
According to the question,
(10 + a)C_{2}/(30 + 2a + 4)C_{2} = 13/123
(10 + a) * (9 + a)/[(34 + 2a) * (33 + 2a)] = 13/123
Simplify the equation we get, a = 4
Number of blue balls taken out from bag Y = a + 4 = 4 + 4 = 8
View Answer
Q3. 

1)  10  2)  20 
3)  29  4)  30 
Answer : 30
Explanation :
Explanation :
Bag X:
Two balls taken from bag x, total probability,
According to the question,
40/87 = (Probability of getting 1st green and second blue * Probability of getting 1st blue and
second green)
Take green = 10 and blue = 20
According to the question,
40/87 = 10 * 20 * 2/(30 * 29)
40/87 = 40/87
This satisfies the given condition.
So, total number balls in box X should be 30.
View Answer
Q4. 

1)  2/29  2)  3/29 
3)  4/29  4)  5/29 
Answer : 3/29
Explanation :
Explanation :
Bag X:
Two balls taken from bag x, total probability,
According to the question,
40/87 = (Probability of getting 1st green and second blue * Probability of getting 1st blue and second green)
Take green = 10 and blue = 20
According to the question,
40/87 = 10 * 20 * 2/(30 * 29) or 40/87 = 40/87
This satisfies the given condition.
Probability of both green ball (A) = 10C2/30C2
= (10 * 9)/(29 * 30) = 3/29
View Answer
Q5. 

1)  1/15  2)  11/13 
3)  12/13  4)  3/5 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 11/13
Explanation : Given , total numbers of students are 15.
Explanation : Given , total numbers of students are 15.
View Answer
Q6. 

1)  10/21  2)  11/21 
3)  2/7  4)  5/7 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 10/21
Explanation : In the bag,
Explanation : In the bag,
View Answer
Q7. 

1)  1/2  2)  1/3 
3)  4/9  4)  8/21 
Answer : 1/3
Explanation :
Explanation :
Total number of balls = n(S) = (8 + 7 + 6) = 21.
Let E = event that the ball drawn is neither red nor green = event that the ball drawn is blue.
So, n(E) = 7.
Therefore, P(E) = n(E) / n(S) = 7 / 21=1 /3 .
View Answer
Q8. 

1)  1/6  2)  1/9 
3)  1/8  4)  1/12 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 1/9
Explanation :
Explanation :
In two throws of a die, n(S) = (6 x 6) = 36.
Let E = event of getting a sum ={(3, 6), (4, 5), (5, 4), (6, 3)} = 4.
P(E) = n(E)/n(S) = 4/36 = 1/9 .
View Answer
Q9. 

1)  1/5  2)  2/5 
3)  2/7  4)  3/5 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 2/7
Explanation :
Explanation :
Thus, P (getting a prize) =10 /(10 + 25) =10 /35 = 2 / 7
View Answer
Q10. 

1)  1/2  2)  1/3 
3)  3/4  4)  4/5 
5)  None of thesae 
Answer : 3/4
Explanation :
Explanation :
In a simultaneous throw of two dice, we have n(S) = (6 x 6) = 36.
Then, E = {(1, 2), (1, 4), (1, 6), (2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (2, 6), (3, 2), (3, 4), (3, 6), (4, 1),
(4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6), (5, 2), (5, 4), (5, 6), (6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6)}
n(E) = 27.
So, P(E) = n(E) / n(S) =27 /36 = 3/4
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