What is National Statistical Office (NSO) ?

National Statistical Office (NSO):

  • It is the nodal agency for the planned and organized development of the statistical system in the country.The National Statistics Office came into being in March 1947.
  • It coordinates the statistical work in respect of the Ministries/Departments of the Government of India and State Statistical Bureaus (SSBs), advises the Ministries/Departments of the Government of India on statistical methodology and on statistical analysis of data.
  • The National Statistical Office (NSO), which is a wing of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, has conducted the first Time Use Survey (TUS) in India during January to December 2019. 
  • The primary objective is to measure participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities.
  • Earlier, the government has decided to merge the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) and the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).
  • The merged entity to be called National Statistical Office (NSO) according to an order passed on May 23.
  • The main aim is to streamline and strengthen the statistical system.
  • The National Statistical Commission will continue to work as an overarching body and at an arm’s length.
  • The Rangarajan committee had also recommended setting up of the NSC, headed by a person with a Minister of State-level designation, to serve as a nodal and empowered body for all core statistical activities of the country.
  • The administration of the statistical system will become easier with setting up of an NSO.
  • Integration will ensure that various bodies do not work in silos.
  • According to the Rangarajan Commission, the new NSO was envisaged as an agency to implement and maintain statistical standards and coordinate statistical activities of Central and State agencies as laid down by the NCS.
  • The NSO’s other roles included collection of core statistics, carrying out methodological research and studies, maintaining a warehouse of core statistics.