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### Reasoning

ISBT Reasoning for all banking PO,Clerk,IBPS PO,Railway,SSC,IAS,OAS Exams

##### Directions : Study   the   following information carefully and answer the given questions: Given an input line, a coding machine rearranges   the input   following   certain steps as explained below. Input: 47 desert go 56 there  often 32 12  Step I: 47  desert go 56 there often 32 12  Step II: there 47 esert go 56 often 32 12  Step III: there 12  often  47desert  go 56 32  Step IV: there 12 often 32 47 desert go 56  Step V:   there 12 often 32 go 47 desert  56 Arrangement in Step V is the final arrangement and Step V is the last step. In each of the following questions the rearrangement is done following the same rules as explained in the above illustration.If the fourth step of an input is 'wonderful 22 seashore 36 48 fine 62 morning', what was the first step?
 1) fine 48 wonderful 22 seashore 36 62 morning 2) fine 48 wonderful 22 36 seashore 62 morning 3) fine 48 seashore wonderful 22 36 morning 62 4) find 48 seashore wonderful 36 22 morning 62 5) Cannot be determined.
##### Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc on the basis of the information given in the statement. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the two given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing. Give answer 1) if only I follows; 2) if only II follows; 3) if either I or II follows; 4) if neither I nor II follows; and 5) if both I and II followStatement: The 'X' state government has chalked out a plan for the underdeveloped 'Y' district where 80% of the funds will be placed in the hands of a committee of local representatives. Courses of action:       I. The 'X' state government should decide guidelines and norms for the functioning of the               committee.      II. Other state governments may follow similar plan if directed by the Central government.
 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4 5) 5
Explanation :
1; Once it is decided to place funds in the hands of the committee of local representatives, it is necessary to decide guidelines and norms for the functioning of the committee.
Hence I follows. II is not related to the statement.
##### Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer: 1) If only assumption I is implicit, 2) If only assumption II is implicit, 3) If either I or II is implicit, 4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and 5) If both I and II are implicit.Statement: A foreign film producer rendered his apology before Indian society for misinterpreting an Indian epic.Assumptions: I. Indians are very sensitive to the misinterpretation of their epics. II. It is possible to derive wrong meaning from the epic.
 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4 5) 5
Explanation :
5; Why the apology ? It is a submission to the sensitivity of the Indians. Hence I is implicit. II is implicit in the word misinterpreting.

##### Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer: 1) If only assumption I is implicit, 2) If only assumption II is implicit, 3) If either I or II is implicit, 4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and 5) If both I and II are implicit.Statement : The country 'X' would remain committed to the process or dialogue for development of friendly, cooperative, mutually beneficial relationship with it's neighboring countries.Assumptions I. The country 'X' is surrounded by hostile countries and it cannot singly defend itself. II. Most of the neighboring countries of 'X'may reciprocate the gesture of country 'X'.
 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4 5) 5
Explanation : Only assumption II is implicit. If one decides to adopt a particular way for interaction, it expects similar reciprocity. Hence the answer is (2).
##### Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer: 1) If only assumption I is implicit, 2) If only assumption II is implicit, 3) If either I or II is implicit, 4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and 5) If both I and II are implicit.Statement : The country can boost its export if center and states have common agenda and understanding.Assumptions I. Right now, center and various stated have different point of view about items of export. II. In the past, the country used to earn lot of foreign exchange from its exports.
 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4 5) 5
Explanation : The given statement can be about the export-import policy. Therefore neither of the assumption is implicit. Hence the answer is (4).
##### Directions : In each questions below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer (1) : If only assumption I is implicit. Give answer (2) : If only assumption II is implicit. Give answer (3) : If either I or II is implicit. Give answer (4) : If neither I nor II is implicit and Give answer (5) : If both I and II are implicit Statement : The college authorities have decided not to make compulsory attendance to lectures for its final year degree students. Assumptions : I. Final year students are responsible and they are expected to guard their own interest. II. The lectures in are not co-operative to the students in that college.
 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4 5) 5
Explanation : Only assumption I is implicit. It is expected that final year students would be responsible. The second assumption presents some other aspects. Hence the answer is (1)
##### Directions:In each questions below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer (1) : If only assumoption I is implicit. Give answer (2) : If only assumption II is implicit. Give answer (3) : If either I or II is implicit. Give answer (4) : If neither I nor II is implicit and Give answer (5) : If both I and II are implicitStatement :The end of the financial  year is the ideal time to take a look at performance of various                                  companies.Assumptions:  I. All the companies take such a review at the end of a financial year. II. The performance data of various companies are usually taken end of the an year.
 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4 5) 5
Explanation : Only assumption II is follows in statement. Assumption I is invalid because of the word ‘all’used in the assumption.
##### Directions: In each questions below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer (1) : If only assumption I is implicit. Give answer (2) : If only assumption II is implicit. Give answer (3) : If either I or II is implicit. Give answer (4) : If neither I nor II is implicit and Give answer (5) : If both I and II are implicitStatement: The end of the financial  year is the ideal time to take a look at performance of various companies.Assumptions:  I. All the companies take such a review at the end of a financial year. II. The performance data of various companies are available.
 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 4) 4 5) 5