Reasoning

ISBT Reasoning for all banking PO,Clerk,IBPS PO,Railway,SSC,IAS,OAS Exams

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Q1.
Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.

Statement: The government has set up a fact finding mission to look into the possible reasons for the recent violence in the area.

Assumptions:
I. The mission may be able to come up with credible information about the incidents.
II. The people in the area may cooperate with the mission and come forward to give detailed information related to the incidents.
1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 5
Explanation : Here both the assumptions are valid. If it were not so, there would be no benefit of setting up such mission.
Hence, I and II are follow.
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Q2.
Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.

Statement: The Government should engage the Army for the rapid rehabilitation of people affected by the cyclone.

Assumptions:
I. Only the Army can rehabilitate the people affected by the cyclone quickly.
II. The Army can take up works other than war also.

1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 2
Explanation : Engaging the Army for the rehabilitation work by the government implies that the government assumes that the Army possesses the required ability to rehabilitate the affected people rapidly.
Hence, II is implicit but I is not implicit because of the word ‘only’.
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Q3.
Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.

Statement: Government should deploy the Army at least this year for the rehabilitation of people affected by cyclone because cyclone visits suddenly.

Assumptions:
I. The Army should be deployed for all such sudden incidents.
II. Some precautionary plan is being made to prevent destruction caused by cyclone.
1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 4
Explanation :
I is not implicit (note the word ‘at least this year’). 
II can’t be correlated. Hence, II is also not implicit.

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Q4.
 Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.

Statement: It is not true always that the adoption of latest technology ensures increased productivity and capacity.

Assumptions:
I. It is possible to prove that increased productivity and capacity are due to adoption of latest technology.
II. The productivity and capacity can be increased by discarding latest technology.
1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 1
Explanation :
The words ‘not true always’ implies that sometimes the move bears positive results.
Hence, the speaker must be assuming I. II is obviously not implicit.
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Q5.
Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.

Statement: Government should deploy the Army at least this year for the rehabilitation of people affected by cyclone because cyclone visits suddenly.

Assumptions:
I. The Army should be deployed for all such sudden incidents.
II. Some precautionary plan is being made to prevent destruction caused by cyclone.
1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 4
Explanation : I is not implicit (note the word 'at least this year'). II can’t be correlated. Hence, II is also not implicit.
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Q6.
Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.

Statement: The head of the organisation has decided to reward those employees who will help reducing expenditure substantially by suggesting innovative techniques.

Assumptions:
I. The employees may be able to come out with innovative ideas.
II. The employees may be encouraged to apply their mind to earn the reward.
1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 5
Explanation :
Why a reward for a good suggestion? Obviously, authorities are assuming that the reward will enthuse employees to evolve innovative techniques. Hence, II is implicit. 
On the other side, seeking help from employees in order to evolve an innovative techniques implies that employees may have the required calibre. Hence, I is also implicit.
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Q7.
Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.

Statement: The government has set up a fact finding mission to look into the possible reasons for the recent violence in the area.

Assumptions:
I. The mission may be able to come up with credible information about the incidents.
II. The people in the area may cooperate with the mission and come forward to give detailed information related to the incidents.
1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 5
Explanation :
Here both the assumptions are valid. If it were not so, there would be no benefit of setting up such mission.

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Q8.
Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.


Statement: "To reduce the oil pool deficit it has been decided to hike the prices of diesel and petrol."- The spokesman of the government

Assumptions:
I . The amount earned by this increase may be substantial enough to reduce the deficit.
II. There may be widespread protests against the price hike.
1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 1
Explanation : Any measure is taken with its efficacy in mind. Hence I is implicit. But II is not implicit because there is nothing in the statement that suggests the fear of a threat.
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Q9.
Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.

Statements: The state government 'X' is committed to restrict smoke levels on the roads of the metropolis as per the desired parameters.

Assumptions:
I. It is possible to determine the smoke levels.
II. A committed government can carry forward welfare measures for its people.
1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 5
Explanation : The govt has promised to bring down the smoke level because it is possible to determine the level. Hence I is implicit. II is implicit because containing pollution is also a welfare measure.
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Q10.
Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer:
1) If only assumption I is implicit,
2) If only assumption II is implicit,
3) If either I or II is implicit,
4) If neither I nor II is implicit, and
5) If both I and II are implicit.

Statement: A foreign film producer rendered his apology before Indian society for misinterpreting an Indian epic.
Assumptions:
I. Indians are very sensitive to the misinterpretation of their epics.
II. It is possible to derive wrong meaning from the epic.
1) 1 2) 2
3) 3 4) 4
5)5
Answer : 5
Explanation :
5; Why the apology ? It is a submission to the sensitivity of the Indians. Hence I is implicit. II is implicit in the word misinterpreting.

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