Reasoning

ISBT Reasoning for all banking PO,Clerk,IBPS PO,Railway,SSC,IAS,OAS Exams

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Q1.
Directions : Study the following information to answer the given questions.
A word arrangement machine when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of the input and the steps of rearrangement.
Input :  going but for crept te light sir
Step I :  crept going but for te light sir
Step II:  crept going light but for te sir
Step III: crept going light but for sir te
(Step III is the last step for this input)
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in the given questions the appropriate step for the given input.

If the V step of an input is ‘more pure soft cat not so sir at’, what will be the II step ?
1) at so more pure cat not soft sir 2) more pure soft so sir cat at not
3) more pure soft cat so sir at not 4) more so sir soft pure cat at not
5)Cannot be determined
Answer : Cannot be determined
Explanation :
The words are arranged according to the number of letters they have, one at a time.
The word with the maximum number of letters is put first. If two words have the same number of letter, we go for alphabetical arrangement.
We can’t move backward.
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Q2.
Directions : Study the following information to answer the given questions.
A word arrangement machine when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of the input and the steps of rearrangement.
Input :  going but for crept te light sir
Step I :  crept going but for te light sir
Step II:  crept going light but for te sir
Step III: crept going light but for sir te
(Step III is the last step for this input)
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in the given questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input: ‘more fight cats cough sough acts idea’.
Which of the following steps would be the last step for this input ?
1) III 2) IV
3) V 4) VI
5)VII
Answer : VI
Explanation :
The words are arranged according to the number of letters they have, one at a time.
The word with the maximum number of letters is put first. If two words have the same number of letter, we go for alphabetical arrangement.

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Q3.
Directions : Study the following information to answer the given questions.
A word arrangement machine when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of the input and the steps of rearrangement.
Input :  going but for crept te light sir
Step I :  crept going but for te light sir
Step II:  crept going light but for te sir
Step III: crept going light but for sir te
(Step III is the last step for this input)
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in the given questions the appropriate step for the given input.

If the input is ‘true se veto be nuke my like’, which of the following will be the IV step ?
1) like nuke true veto be se my 2) be my like se true veto nuke
3) be my se like true veto nuke 4) veto true nuke like so be my
5)Cannot be determined
Answer : like nuke true veto be se my
Explanation :
The words are arranged according to the number of letters they have, one at a time.
The word with the maximum number of letters is put first. If two words have the same number of letter, we go for alphabetical arrangement.
So, the answer is " like nuke true veto be se my ".
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Q4.
Directions : Study the following information to answer the given questions.
A word arrangement machine when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of the input and the steps of rearrangement.
Input :  going but for crept te light sir
Step I :  crept going but for te light sir
Step II:  crept going light but for te sir
Step III: crept going light but for sir te
(Step III is the last step for this input)
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in the given questions the appropriate step for the given input.

If the second step of an input is ‘clever remand window sales batch tiger never’ which of the following will be its sixth step ?
1) clever remand window batch sales tiger never 2) window remand clever sales batch tiger never
3) batch never sales tiger clever remand window 4) clever remand window tiger batch sales never
5)It cannot have sixth step.
Answer : It cannot have sixth step.
Explanation :
The words are arranged according to the number of letters they have, one at a time.
The word with the maximum number of letters is put first. If two words have the same number of letter, we go for alphabetical arrangement.
So, the answer is 5 i.e. it cannot have sixth step.
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Q5.
Directions : Study the following information to answer the given questions.
A word arrangement machine when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of the input and the steps of rearrangement.
Input :  going but for crept te light sir
Step I :  crept going but for te light sir
Step II:  crept going light but for te sir
Step III: crept going light but for sir te
(Step III is the last step for this input)
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in the given questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input: the in car as he may me

Which of the following will be the third step for this input ?

1) car the in as he may me 2) car may the as in he me
3) car as may he the in me 4) car may the in as he me
5)None of these
Answer : car may the as in he me
Explanation :
The words are arranged according to the number of letters they have, one at a time.
The word with the maximum number of letters is put first. If two words have the same number of letter, we go for alphabetical arrangement.
So, the answer is " car may the as in he me" .
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Q6.
Directions : Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule.  The following is an illustration of input and the rearrangement.

Input : why is 25 bigger than 14   but smaller than 32

Step I : than 14 why is 25 bigger    but smaller than 32

Step II : than 14 is 25 why bigger     but smaller than 32

Step III : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   bigger but smaller

Step IV : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller bigger but

Step V  : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller but bigger

Step V is the last step of the arrangement of the above input as the intended rearrangement is obtained. As per the rules followed in the above steps, indicate the answer in each of the following questions with respect to the appropriate step for the given input.

Input for the questions : any number less than 30 and more than 20 does not equal 40

Which word/number would be on 8th position from left side in step V ?
1) any 2) not
3) 40 4) number
5)None of these
Answer : not
Explanation :
First of all the numbers and their preceding letters are arranged. The numbers are arranged in ascending order. Then, the words are arranged in alphabetical but in reverse order.

Input: any number less than 30 and more than 20 does not equal 40

Step I: than 20 any number less than 30 and more does not equal 40

Step II: than 20 than 30 any number less and more does not equal 40

Step III: than 20 than 30 equal 40 any number less and more does not

Step IV: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number any less and more does not

Step V: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not any less and more does

Step VI: than 20 than 30 equal 40  number not more any less and does

Step VII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less any and does

Step VIII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less does any

and Step VIII is the last Step.

So, the word 'not' would be on 8th position from left in Step V.

View Answer

Q7.
Directions : Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule.  The following is an illustration of input and the rearrangement.

Input : why is 25 bigger than 14   but smaller than 32

Step I : than 14 why is 25 bigger    but smaller than 32

Step II : than 14 is 25 why bigger     but smaller than 32

Step III : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   bigger but smaller

Step IV : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller bigger but

Step V  : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller but bigger

Step V is the last step of the arrangement of the above input as the intended rearrangement is obtained. As per the rules followed in the above steps, indicate the answer in each of the following questions with respect to the appropriate step for the given input.

If the Input is : "any number less than 30 and more than 20 does not equal 40"

Which of the following would be the step II ?
1) 20 than 30 than any number less and more does not equal 40 2) than 20 than 30 equal 40 any number less and more does not
3) than 20 than 30 any number less and more does not equal 40 4) than 20 than 30 any number less and more does not 40 equal
5)None of these
Answer : than 20 than 30 any number less and more does not equal 40
Explanation :
First of all the numbers and their preceding letters are arranged. The numbers are arranged in ascending order. Then, the words are arranged in alphabetical but in reverse order.

Input: any number less than 30 and more than 20 does not equal 40

Step I: than 20 any number less than 30 and more does not equal 40

Step II: than 20 than 30 any number less and more does not equal 40

Step III: than 20 than 30 equal 40 any number less and more does not

Step IV: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number any less and more does not

Step V: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not any less and more does

Step VI: than 20 than 30 equal 40  number not more any less and does

Step VII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less any and does

Step VIII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less does any

and Step VIII is the last Step.

So, option (3) is step III.
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Q8.
Directions : Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule.  The following is an illustration of input and the rearrangement.

Input : why is 25 bigger than 14   but smaller than 32

Step I : than 14 why is 25 bigger    but smaller than 32

Step II : than 14 is 25 why bigger     but smaller than 32

Step III : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   bigger but smaller

Step IV : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller bigger but

Step V  : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller but bigger

Step V is the last step of the arrangement of the above input as the intended rearrangement is obtained. As per the rules followed in the above steps, indicate the answer in each of the following questions with respect to the appropriate step for the given input.

If the Input is : "any number less than 30 and more than 20 does not equal 40"

Which of the following would be the step II ?
1) 20 than 30 than any number less and more does not equal 40 2) than 20 than 30 equal 40 any number less and more does not
3) than 20 than 30 any number less and more does not equal 40 4) than 20 than 30 any number less and more does not 40 equal
5)None of these
Answer : than 20 than 30 any number less and more does not equal 40
Explanation :
First of all the numbers and their preceding letters are arranged. The numbers are arranged in ascending order. Then, the words are arranged in alphabetical but in reverse order.

Input: any number less than 30 and more than 20 does not equal 40

Step I: than 20 any number less than 30 and more does not equal 40

Step II: than 20 than 30 any number less and more does not equal 40

Step III: than 20 than 30 equal 40 any number less and more does not

Step IV: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number any less and more does not

Step V: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not any less and more does

Step VI: than 20 than 30 equal 40  number not more any less and does

Step VII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less any and does

Step VIII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less does any

and Step VIII is the last Step.

So, option (3) is step III.
View Answer

Q9.
Directions : Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule.  The following is an illustration of input and the rearrangement. 

Input : why is 25 bigger than 14   but smaller than 32

Step I : than 14 why is 25 bigger    but smaller than 32

Step II : than 14 is 25 why bigger     but smaller than 32

Step III : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   bigger but smaller

Step IV : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller bigger but

Step V  : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller but bigger

Step V is the last step of the arrangement of the above input as the intended rearrangement is obtained. As per the rules followed in the above steps, indicate the answer in each of the following questions with respect to the appropriate step for the given input.

If the Input is : "any number less than 30 and more than 20 does not equal 40"
Which of the following would be step IV ?
1) than 20 than 30 equal 40 any number less and more does not 2) than 20 any number less than 30 and more does not equal 40
3) 20 30 40 than than equal number any less and more does not 4) 20 than 30 than 40 equal number any less and more does not
5)None of these
Answer : None of these
Explanation :
First of all the numbers and their preceding letters are arranged. The numbers are arranged in ascending order. Then, the words are arranged in alphabetical but in reverse order.

Input: any number less than 30 and more than20 does not equal 40

Step I: than 20 any number less than 30 and more does not equal 40

Step II: than 20 than 30 any num-ber less and more does not equal 40

Step III: than 20 than 30 equal 40 any number less and more does not

Step IV: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number any less and more does not

Step V: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not any less and more does

Step VI: than 20 than 30 equal 40  number not more any less and does

Step VII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less any and does

Step VIII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less does any

and Step VIII is the last Step

 So, there is no such option.
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Q10.
Directions : Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule.  The following is an illustration of input and the rearrangement. (Central Bank of India PO-2010)

 

Input : why is 25 bigger than 14   but smaller than 32

Step I : than 14 why is 25 bigger    but smaller than 32

Step II : than 14 is 25 why bigger     but smaller than 32

Step III : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   bigger but smaller

Step IV : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller bigger but

Step V  : than 14 is 25 than 32 why   smaller but bigger

Step V is the last step of the arrangement of the above input as the intended rearrangement is obtained. As per the rules followed in the above steps, indicate the answer in each of the following questions with respect to the appropriate step for the given input.
If the input is : any number less than 30 and more than 20 does not equal 40

How many steps would be needed to complete the arrangement ?

1) X 2) VIII
3) IX 4) VII
5)None of these
Answer : VIII
Explanation :
First of all the numbers and their preceding letters are arranged. The numbers are arranged in ascending order. Then, the words are arranged in alphabetical but in reverse order.

Input: any number less than 30 and more than 20 does not equal 40

Step I: than 20 any number less than 30 and more does not equal 40

Step II: than 20 than 30 any num-ber less and more does not equal 40

Step III: than 20 than 30 equal 40 any number less and more does not

Step IV: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number any less and more does not

Step V: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not any less and more does

Step VI: than 20 than 30 equal 40  number not more any less and does

Step VII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less any and does

Step VIII: than 20 than 30 equal 40 number not more less does any

and Step VIII is the last Step

So, eight steps would be required  to complete the arrangement.
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