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### Reasoning

ISBT Reasoning for all banking PO,Clerk,IBPS PO,Railway,SSC,IAS,OAS Exams

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##### Directions : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.Eight family members P,Q,R,S,T,U, V and W are seated in a straight line at an equal distance between each other, but not necessarily in the same order. There are three generation in the family. Some of them are facing north and some are facing south. R’s daughter is an immediate neighbour of one who is sitting at an extreme end of the line. Only three people sit between V and his wife. Q’s daughter sits second to the right of P’s brother-in-law. R’s granddaughter does not sit at an extreme end of the line. P’s mother sits on the immediate left of her son. R’s wife is not an immediate neighbour of T’s husband. The immediate neighbour of T’s brother faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one neighbour faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) The persons sitting at the extreme ends faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one person faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) W’s daughter-in-law sits second to the left of T’s father-in-law. U faces north. U is not an immediate neighbour of S’s aunt. The immediate neighbours of U faces same directions.(i.e. If one neighbour faces north then other also faces north and if one neighbour faces south then other also faces south).Both T and Q face a direction opposite to that of S.(i.e. If S faces north then T and Q faces south and vice-versa.) T is the only daughter of R. W is female member and U is male member.Four of the given five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and hence form a group. Which of them does not belong to that group ?
 1) R 2) S 3) P 4) U 5) V
Explanation :
##### Directions (1-5): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.Eight family members P,Q,R,S,T,U, V and W are seated in a straight line at an equal distance between each other, but not necessarily in the same order. There are three generation in the family. Some of them are facing north and some are facing south. R’s daughter is an immediate neighbour of one who is sitting at an extreme end of the line. Only three people sit between V and his wife. Q’s daughter sits second to the right of P’s brother-in-law. R’s granddaughter does not sit at an extreme end of the line. P’s mother sits on the immediate left of her son. R’s wife is not an immediate neighbour of T’s husband. The immediate neighbour of T’s brother faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one neighbour faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) The persons sitting at the extreme ends faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one person faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) W’s daughter-in-law sits second to the left of T’s father-in-law. U faces north. U is not an immediate neighbour of S’s aunt. The immediate neighbours of U faces same directions.(i.e. If one neighbour faces north then other also faces north and if one neighbour faces south then other also faces south).Both T and Q face a direction opposite to that of S.(i.e. If S faces north then T and Q faces south and vice-versa.) T is the only daughter of R. W is female member and U is male member.Who among following is grand-mother of S ?
 1) T 2) S 3) W 4) R 5) None of these
Explanation :
##### Directions (1-5): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.Eight family members P,Q,R,S,T,U, V and W are seated in a straight line at an equal distance between each other, but not necessarily in the same order. There are three generation in the family. Some of them are facing north and some are facing south. R’s daughter is an immediate neighbour of one who is sitting at an extreme end of the line. Only three people sit between V and his wife. Q’s daughter sits second to the right of P’s brother-in-law. R’s granddaughter does not sit at an extreme end of the line. P’s mother sits on the immediate left of her son. R’s wife is not an immediate neighbour of T’s husband. The immediate neighbour of T’s brother faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one neighbour faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) The persons sitting at the extreme ends faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one person faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) W’s daughter-in-law sits second to the left of T’s father-in-law. U faces north. U is not an immediate neighbour of S’s aunt. The immediate neighbours of U faces same directions.(i.e. If one neighbour faces north then other also faces north and if one neighbour faces south then other also faces south).Both T and Q face a direction opposite to that of S.(i.e. If S faces north then T and Q faces south and vice-versa.) T is the only daughter of R. W is female member and U is male member.What is the position of S with respect to P ?
 1) Immediate left 2) Third to left 3) Third to right 4) Fourth to left 5) None of these
Explanation :
##### Directions (1-5): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.Eight family members P,Q,R,S,T,U, V and W are seated in a straight line at an equal distance between each other, but not necessarily in the same order. There are three generation in the family. Some of them are facing north and some are facing south. R’s daughter is an immediate neighbour of one who is sitting at an extreme end of the line. Only three people sit between V and his wife. Q’s daughter sits second to the right of P’s brother-in-law. R’s granddaughter does not sit at an extreme end of the line. P’s mother sits on the immediate left of her son. R’s wife is not an immediate neighbour of T’s husband. The immediate neighbour of T’s brother faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one neighbour faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) The persons sitting at the extreme ends faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one person faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) W’s daughter-in-law sits second to the left of T’s father-in-law. U faces north. U is not an immediate neighbour of S’s aunt. The immediate neighbours of U faces same directions.(i.e. If one neighbour faces north then other also faces north and if one neighbour faces south then other also faces south).Both T and Q face a direction opposite to that of S.(i.e. If S faces north then T and Q faces south and vice-versa.) T is the only daughter of R. W is female member and U is male member.How many person sit on the left of Q?
 1) One 2) Two 3) Three 4) Four 5) None of these
Explanation :
##### Directions (1-5): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.Eight family members P,Q,R,S,T,U, V and W are seated in a straight line at an equal distance between each other, but not necessarily in the same order. There are three generation in the family. Some of them are facing north and some are facing south. R’s daughter is an immediate neighbour of one who is sitting at an extreme end of the line. Only three people sit between V and his wife. Q’s daughter sits second to the right of P’s brother-in-law. R’s granddaughter does not sit at an extreme end of the line. P’s mother sits on the immediate left of her son. R’s wife is not an immediate neighbour of T’s husband. The immediate neighbour of T’s brother faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one neighbor faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) The persons sitting at the extreme ends faces opposite directions.(i.e. If one person faces north then other faces south and vice versa.) W’s daughter-in-law sits second to the left of T’s father-in-law. U faces north. U is not an immediate neighbour of S’s aunt. The immediate neighbours of U faces same directions.(i.e. If one neighbour faces north then other also faces north and if one neighbour faces south then other also faces south).Both T and Q face a direction opposite to that of S.(i.e. If S faces north then T and Q faces south and vice-versa.) T is the only daughter of R. W is female member and U is male member.As per the following arrangements, which of the following statements is not true with respect to P?
 1) P faces south. 2) P is fourth to the right of Q. 3) P is 2nd to left of T. 4) P is between V and W. 5) None of these
Answer : P is 2nd to left of T.
Explanation :
##### Find the missing numbers.
 1) 18 2) 20 3) 22 4) 24 5) None of these
Explanation :
For First Circle:
Left segment element x right segment Element - 3 = Lower number
3 x 7 - 3 = 18.
For Second Circle:
Left segment element x right segment Element - 4 = Lower number
8 x 2 - 4 = 16.

For Third Circle:
Left segment element x right segment Element - 5 = Lower number
or x = 9 x 3 -5
or x = 22.
Missing number = 22.
##### Find the missing numbers.
 1) 12 2) 16 3) 18 4) 20 5) None of these
Explanation : First column : 112 - 12 = 120.
Second Column : 72 - 22 = 45.
Third column : 52 - 32 = 16
##### Find the missing numbers.
 1) 10 2) 12 3) 14 4) 18 5) None of these
Explanation : Logic (Row-wise):
(First Element / Second element) x 2 = Third Element.
So, (108/x) x 2 = 18
or x = 12.
Missing Number = 12.
##### Find the missing number.
 1) 4 2) 5 3) 8 4) 12 5) None of these
Explanation : Second Row, 2 x 9 + 3 x 17 = 69.

Third Row, 2 x 13 + 3 x 11 = 59.

Let , missing number be x,
So, 2x + 3 x 13 = 49.

or, x = 5.