Mathmetics
ISBT Mathmetics for all banking PO,Clerk,IBPS PO,Railway,SSC,IAS,OAS Exams
Q1.  A person sold two hens for Rs. 105 each . On one he lost 25% . On the other he gained 50% . What is the gain or loss on his total outlay ? 
1)  12.5%  2)  20% 
3)  28.3%  4)  Neither gain Nor loss 
5)  None of these 
Answer : Neither gain Nor loss
Explanation : ShortCut Method:
Explanation : ShortCut Method:
[100 x (Profit  Loss ) x 2 x Profit x Loss] / (100 + Profit ) + (100  Loss) = 0%
View Answer
Q2. 
A sells his books cost Rs.500 to B at a profit of 30%. After some period of time, B sells the same book to A at a loss of 20%. What is the total % of profit or loss in the whole trading ? 
1)  4% profit  2)  4% loss 
3)  26% profit  4)  26% loss 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 26% profit
Explanation : Let, CP of A = 100 , SP of B from A = 130 i.e. profit = 30/
Explanation : Let, CP of A = 100 , SP of B from A = 130 i.e. profit = 30/
Again , some days B sells in return to A at loss of 20% i.e. the CP of A again = 130 x (80/100) = 104
So ,in the whole trade , he gets actual profit = (304) = 26 i.e. 26%
View Answer
Q3. 

1)  Rs.5750  2)  Rs.6400 
3)  Rs.6090  4)  Rs. 7500 
5)  None of these 
Answer : Rs.6090
Explanation :
Explanation :
Short Cut Methods:
C.P = 600/(2515) x 100 = 6000
So, S.P = 6000 x 115/100 = Rs.6900
View Answer
Q4. 

1)  200 litre  2)  250 litre 
3)  300 litre  4)  400 litre 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 300 litre
Explanation : Let, the milkman buy x liter of milk.
Explanation : Let, the milkman buy x liter of milk.
He sells at at rupees 16 a liter.
SP_{1 }= Rs.16x, but losses Rs.600/
If he sells at 20 a liter, the SP_{2} = Rs.20x , but gains Rs.600/
Difference in SP = Rs.20x  Rs.16x = Rs.4x
Difference in actual SP = Rs.600 + Rs.600 = Rs.1200
So, 4x = 1200
or x = 1200/4 = 300
View Answer
Q5. 

1)  4 : 5  2)  5 : 4 
3)  3 : 2  4)  Data Inadequate 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 5 : 4
Explanation :
Explanation :
C.P. = S.P.  Profit
or C.P. = 5 1 = 4
or S.P. : C.P. = 5 : 4
View Answer
Q6. 

1)  20 %  2)  24 % 
3)  25 %  4)  33.33 % 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 20 %
Explanation : Let, C.P of each article is Rs.1/.
Explanation : Let, C.P of each article is Rs.1/.
So, C.P of 20's articles = Rs.20/ and C.P of 4's articles = Rs.4/ i.e. profit
We know that, S.P = C.P + Profit = 20 + 4 = Rs. 24/
Therefore, % of profit = (4/20) x 100 = 20%
View Answer
Q7.  A vendor sells 20 articles and gets a profit which is equal to selling price of 4 articles. What is the percentage of profit in this transaction ? 
1)  20 %  2)  24 % 
3)  25 %  4)  33.33 % 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 25 %
Explanation : Let, S.P of each article is Rs.1/.
Explanation : Let, S.P of each article is Rs.1/.
So, S.P of 20's articles = Rs.20/ and S.P of 4's articles = Rs.4/ i.e. profit
We, know that C.P = S.P Profit = 20  4 = Rs. 16/
Therefore, % of profit = (4/16) x 100 = 25%
View Answer
Q8.  The profit earned by selling an article for Rs.744 is double the loss incurred when the same article is sold for Rs.240. What would the selling price of the article if it is sold at 15% profit ? 
1)  Rs.472.20  2)  Rs.469.80 
3)  Rs.468.20  4)  Rs.479.20 
5)  None of these 
Answer : Rs.469.80
Explanation : Let, the C.P be Rs.x.
Explanation : Let, the C.P be Rs.x.
Then, according to the question, 744  x = 2(x240)
or 744  x = 2x  480
or 3x = 744 + 480 =1224
or x = 1224/3 = Rs.408
So, required S.P = 408 X (115/100 ) = Rs.469.20
View Answer
Q9. 

1)  5%  2)  6% 
3)  8%  4)  9% 
5)  None of these 
Answer : 8%
Explanation : Total cost price of the car after repair = Rs.(6000+500 ) = Rs.6500
Explanation : Total cost price of the car after repair = Rs.(6000+500 ) = Rs.6500
S.P = Rs.7020
Profit = Rs.7020  Rs.6500 = Rs.520
So, percentage of profit = (520/6500) x 100 = 8%
View Answer
Q10.  A shopkeeper marked an article at 40% above the cost price. He, then sold it after offering a discount of 30%. If he made a loss of Rs.60, find his selling price (in Rs.) 
1)  Rs.2500  2)  Rs.2840 
3)  Rs.2940  4)  Rs.3000 
5)  None of these 
Answer : Rs.2940
Explanation : Let, the C.P be Rs.x.
Explanation : Let, the C.P be Rs.x.
After, 40% above the CP, the M.P be 1.4x.
Now, he sells it at 30% discount.
Then, the S.P would be (1.4x ) x 70/100 = 0.98x
So, x  0.98x = Rs.60
Or x = Rs.3000
Therefore, the selling price is 3000 x 98/100 =Rs.2940
View Answer