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Union Cabinet approves Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project - 01 Nov 20

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National Unity Day (Rashtriya Ekta Diwas ) observed on 31st October - 01 Nov 20

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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel: A Brief History

Kerala Ranked as Best Governed State by Public Affairs Index - 01 Nov 20

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Mansar Lake project attracts 20 lakh tourists every year - 02 Nov 20

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World Press Freedom Index, 2020:India ranked at 142 position - 02 Nov 20

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World Press Freedom Day:
World Press Freedom Conference:

International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists observed on November 2 - 02 Nov 20

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National Jal Jeevan Mission organizes Conference for Rural Water Supply - 02 Nov 20

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Shipping Ministry introduces Draft Coastal Shipping Bill - 03 Nov 20

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CM of Assam lays foundation stone of Indo-Israeli Centre of Excellence - 03 Nov 20

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Center notified New land laws in J & K - 03 Nov 20

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Djokovic beats Federer in Paris Masters thriller, a win away from 5th title - 04 Nov 20

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Satellites to detect drug cultivation in Odisha - 04 Nov 20

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Chhattisgarh launches Fortified Rice Distribution Scheme - 04 Nov 20

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  • On the eve of Statehood Day celebrations, on November 1, 2020, the State Government of Chhattisgrah launched Fortified Rice Distribution Scheme.
  • The scheme was launched to reduce malnutrition and anaemia. Under the scheme, fortified rice is distributed through fair price shops. The fortified rice is a mixture of Vitamin-B12, iron and folic acid. It helps to control malnutrition and anaemia.
  • Swami Atmanand Government English Medium School Scheme
  • Apart from Fortified Rice distribution scheme, the State Government also launched Swami Atmanand Government English Medium School Scheme. 
  • Under the scheme, the Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh inaugurated Rs 130 crore Swami Atmanand Government English Medium School Scheme. 
  • Under the scheme, 52 English medium schools are to be started. 
  • These schools will have computer and science lab, state-of-the-art library and lab. 
  • These schools will also have the facility of online education.
  • The Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh also initiated the following programmes along with these two schemes
  • Mukhyamantri Sahari Slum Swasthya Yojana was inaugurated
  • The third instalment of Rs 1500 crores for the Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana was released.
  • A 132/33 KV power sub station in the district of Bijapur and a 87.5 km long electricity line to supply 23 remote villages in the naxal affected regions were inaugurated.
Mukhyamantri Sahari Slum Swathya Yojana:
  • It is an urban slum health Yojana. 
  • Under the scheme, the people in urban slum are to be provided with free health checks, counselling, medicines and treatment. 
  • They are to be provided with family planning counselling, resources and family planning measures.
Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana:
  • It was launched to ensure minimum income availability to farmers. 
  • The scheme will bring more areas under cultivation. Under the scheme, financial aid is to be transferred to the farmers’ accounts directly.

World’s Strongest Super Typhoon Goni in Philippines - 04 Nov 20

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What is Goni ?

Panna Biosphere Reserves under UNESCO lists - 04 Nov 20

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Duarte Pacheco elected as new President of Inter Parliamentary Union - 05 Nov 20

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  • Duarte Pacheco was elected as the new President of Inter Parliamentary Union on November 2, 2020. 
  • Duarte Pacheco, Member of the Assembly of the Republic of Portugal.
  • He will serve as the president of the union between 2020 and 2023. 
  • India was represented by the Lok Sabha Speaker Shri Om Birla at the session.
  • The previous president of the Inter Parliamentary Union was Mexican MP Gabriela Cuevas Barron.
  • It is the 206th session of the Inter Parliamentary Union began. 
  • Officers from 144 parliaments attended the session. 
  • It was led by the Lok Sabha speaker Om Birla.
  • Inter Parliamentary Union was established in 1889. 
  • The main purpose of the union is to promote democratic governance, cooperation and accountability. 
  • It has played a major role in establishing United Nations, Permanent Court of Arbitration and League of Nations. 
  • The Slogan of IPU is “For Democracy, For Everyone”
  • IPU has a four fold structure namely Governing Council, Assembly, Executive Committee, IPU President, Secretariat.
Standing Committees of the IPU:
  • There are three standing committees of IPU. 
  • They are first Standing Committee, Second Standing Committee and Third Standing Committee. 
  • The first standing Committee works on peace and international security. 
  • The second Standing Committee works on Sustainable Development and the third standing committee works on democracy and human rights.

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) - 05 Nov 20

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Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras:
Janaushadhi Week:
Janaushadhi Sugam Application:

Academic Freedom Index (AFI):India scored low - 05 Nov 20

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Components  are:

Centre identifies 15 states for Fortification of Rice and its distribution through PDS - 05 Nov 20

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Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS):
Mid-day Meal Scheme : A Fact File

PM to chair Virtual Global Investor Roundtable - 05 Nov 20

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PM to chair Virtual Global Investor Roundtable - 05 Nov 20

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Urban Mobility India Conference being organized - 06 Nov 20

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The U.S formally exits Paris pact on curbing climate change - 06 Nov 20

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Hurricane Eta hits Nicaragua - 06 Nov 20

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Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale:

PINAKA Rocket tested successfully - 06 Nov 20

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Purchasing Managers Index was released - 07 Nov 20

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Government of India (GoI) plans to approve Metro Neo - 07 Nov 20

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Gandhian Young Technological Awards - 07 Nov 20

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Dr Susanta Kar honoured with 2020 Prof.A N Bhaduri Memorial Lecture Award - 07 Nov 20

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Centre of Excellence to be set up at IIT Kharagpur - 07 Nov 20

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India Ranks the Lowest Rank in BMI Ranking - 08 Nov 20

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Fund released by Prime Ministers Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) - 08 Nov 20

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National Cancer Awareness Day observed on November 7 - 08 Nov 20

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National Water Awards Scheduled in November - 08 Nov 20

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National Legal Services Day observed on 9th November - 09 Nov 20

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National Level: National Legal Services Authority: 
District Level: District Legal Services Authority:

Fifteenth Finance Commission Report - 09 Nov 20

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Yashvardhan K Sinha appointed as the new Chief Information Commissioner - 09 Nov 20

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Yashvardhan Kumar Sinha: A Fact File
Chief Information Commissioner:
Eligibility Criteria:

Fastags Becomes Mandatory For All Four Wheel Vehicles From New Year - 09 Nov 20

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What is FASTag ?

NASA has Spotted FRB for The First Time - 10 Nov 20

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Mission Karmayogi Initiative : A Nationwide Programme - 10 Nov 20

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What is Mission Karmayogi ?

Joe Biden Wins US President Election With 290 Electoral Votes - 10 Nov 20

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Action Plan For Vulture Conservation 2020 To 2025 NBWL - 10 Nov 20

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National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) : A Fact File
What is Diclofenac ?

DRDO is Developing Fire Detection and Suppression System - 10 Nov 20

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  • The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)has developed a fire mitigation system in buses, which can  detect fires in less than 30 seconds and extinguish it within a minute. 
Details Analysis:
  • The wider rollout of this technology will come as  a big help to check mishaps, which often result in claiming  multiple lives, particularly in sleeper buses.
  • Demonstrations were given on water mist-based FDSS for passenger compartment and aerosol-based FDSS for engine fire. 
  • The FDSS for passenger ccompartment comprises a water tank of 80 litre capacity, a 6.8 kg nitrogen cylinder pressurised to 200 bar and a network of tubing with 16 number of atomizers.
  • FDSS for the engine comprises an aerosol generator with within 5 seconds of the system activation.
  • The active fire protection system has been developed by the Centre for Fire, Explosive and Environment Safety (CFEES), a DRDO laboratory.
  • CFEES has unique competency in the areas of fire risk assessement, fire suppression using different extinguishing mediums, modelling and simulation. 
  • It has developed systems for battle tanks, ships and submarines.
  • Although the fire threat is present in all the vehicles, the concern is more for school buses and sleeper coaches for long distance travel.
  • In August this year, at least five persons were killed in a bus fire in Karnataka while another similar bus fire in Kannuaj in Uttar Pradesh. 
  • There have been several fatal fire accidents in sleeper buses across states.

Defence Minister unveils A-Sat Missile Model in DRDO Bhawan - 11 Nov 20

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World Science Day for Peace and Development was observed on 10 November - 11 Nov 20

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Theme:
Objectives:
World Science Day for Peace and Development : A Brief History

National Education Day is on 11th November - 11 Nov 20

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Maulana Abul Kalam Azad: A Fact File 

Summit of SCO Council Was Held on 10 November - 11 Nov 20

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Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa, PM of the Kingdom of Bahrain passed Away - 11 Nov 20

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Sheikh Khalifa : A Fact File

PM Modi addressed the 17th ASEAN-India summit - 12 Nov 20

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ASEAN: A Fact File

Atma Nirbhar Bharat Rozgar Yojana launched to boost employment - 12 Nov 20

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Features of the Scheme:
What is EPF scheme?

World Pneumonia Day observed on November 12 - 12 Nov 20

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Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhea: A Fact File

Public Service Broadcasting Day observed on November 12 - 12 Nov 20

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All India Radio (AIR) : A Fact File

Centre announced Rs 65,000 crore fertilizer subsidy for farmers - 12 Nov 20

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Indian Navy launches fifth Scorpene Submarine “Vagir” - 13 Nov 20

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What is Vagir ?
Project 75 : A Fact File
List of Nuclear-powered submarines in-service:

Second National Water Awards Winners were Declared - 13 Nov 20

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National Water Awards: A Fact File

China launces world’s first 6G experimental satellite - 13 Nov 20

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  • China recently launched the first 6G experimental satellite. 
  • The satellite will test the technology of Tetrahertz waves in space.
Details Analysis:
  • On November 6, 2020, china launched world’s first experimental satellite. 
  • It was launched into orbit along with 12 other satellites. 
  • The satellite weighs 70 kg approximately. 
  • The satellite carries technologies used for forest fire prevention and crop disaster monitoring.
  • The 6G band lies between the 5G millimetre wave frequency and terahertz frequency. 
  • The 6G is more advantageous than the of 5G in terms of speed and lossless transmission, especially in space.
  • The 14th five year plan of China (2021-25) is dedicated in becoming technologically self-reliant in artificial intelligence, semiconductor chips, fifth generation wireless technologies and autonomous vehicles.
  • International Telecommunication Union on 6G
  • The research for 6G was recently launched by the ITU in March 2020 during its 34th ITU Working Group meet. 
  • The research works are to begin by 2021. 
  • Both machines and humans will use 6G. In other words, 6G will be more related to Artificial Intelligence communication.
  • 5G is only in its initial stages. 
  • There are only 82 commercial networks in the world using 5G. 
  • They are mainly located in US, UK and Australia.
  • The Government of India is to carry out 5G spectrum auction in the first quarter of 2021. 
  • According to the Department of Telecommunications, the sale will include almost 8,300 megahertz of airwaves. 
  • The auction was to be held in 2020. 
  • However, it was postponed due to poor financial health.
  • The range of 5G connectivity is not good as the 5G waves can travel only very short distances. 
  • The initial costs of 5G are high. 
  • It consumes more power and hence the battery drain in devices using 5G will be faster. 
  • The upload speeds in 5G do not match with the download speeds.

Cabinet approves Continuation and Revamping of the Scheme for Financial Support to Public Private Partnerships - 13 Nov 20

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  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved  Continuation and Revamping of the Scheme for Financial Support to Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) in Infrastructure Viability Gap Funding (VGF) Scheme till 2024-25.
  • The total outlay of the said scheme would be Rs.8,100 cr.
  • The revamped Scheme is mainly related to introduction of following two sub-schemes for mainstreaming private participation in social infrastructure:
a.   Sub scheme -1
  • This would cater to Social Sectors such as Waste Water Treatment, Water Supply, Solid Waste Management, Health and Education sectors etc. 
  • These projects face bankability issues and poor revenue streams to cater fully to capital costs. 
  • The projects eligible under this category should have at least 100% Operational Cost recovery. 
  • The Central Government will provide maximum of 30% of Total Project Cost (TPC) of the project as VGF and State Government/Sponsoring Central Ministry/Statutory Entity may provide additional support up to 30% of TPC.
b.   Sub scheme -2
  • This Sub scheme will support demonstration/pilot social sectors projects. 
  • The projects may be from Health and Education sectors where there is at least 50% Operational Cost recovery. 
  • In such projects, the Central Government and the State Governments together will provide up to 80% of capital expenditure and up-to 50% of Operation & Maintenance (O&M) costs for the first five years. 
  • The Central Government will provide a maximum of 40% of the TPC of the Project. 
  • In addition, it may provide a maximum of 25% of Operational Costs of the project in first five years of commercial operations.
  • Since the inception of the scheme, 64 projects have been accorded 'final approval' with Total Project Cost of Rs. 34,228 crore and VGF of Rs. 5,639 crore. 
  • Till the end of Financial Year 2019-20, VGF of Rs. 4,375 crore has been disbursed.
Benefits:
  • The aim of the scheme is to promote PPPs in social and Economic Infrastructure leading to efficient creation of assets and ensuring their proper Operation and Maintenance and make the economically/socially essential projects commercially viable. 
  • The scheme would be beneficial to public at large as it would help in creation of the Infrastructure for the country.
Implementation Strategy:
  • The new Scheme will come into force within one month of the approval of Cabinet. 
  • Proposed amendments under the revamped VGF scheme would be suitably incorporated in the Guidelines for the Scheme. 
  • All steps will be taken up for the promotion of the revamped VGF and in monitoring of the supported projects.
Impact:
  • Revamping of the proposed VGF Scheme will attract more PPP projects and facilitate the private investment in the social sectors (Health, Education, Waste Water, Solid Waste Management, Water Supply etc.). Creation of new hospitals, schools will create many opportunities to boost employment generation.
Expenditure Involved:
  • The revamped Scheme will be financed from budgetary support of Ministry of Finance. 
  • The projected outlay of the revamped VGF scheme till the Financial Year 2024-2025 is as under:
Background:
  • The Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance introduced "the Scheme for Financial Support to PPPs in Infrastructure" (Viability Gap Funding Scheme) in 2006 with a view to support infrastructure projects undertaken through PPP mode.
  • These are economically justified but commercially unviable due to large capital investment requirements, long gestation periods and the inability to increase user charges to commercial levels, the existing Scheme, VGF up to 40% of the Total Project Cost (TPC) is provided by the Government, of India (Gol) and the sponsoring authority in the form of capital grant at the stage of project construction (20%+20%).

World Diabetes Day observed on November 14 - 14 Nov 20

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Theme: Nurses make the difference for Diabetes
WHO Global Diabetes Compact: A Fact File

Viability Gap Funding Scheme Approved by The Cabinet - 14 Nov 20

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Sub-scheme 1:

Sub-scheme 2: 

Traditional Medicine Centre to be set up in India - 14 Nov 20

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Traditional Medicine Centre: A fact File

IFSCA Approves Draft Banking Regulations For International Financial Services Centres - 15 Nov 20

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DRDO Successfully Test-fired Quick Response Surface-to-Air Missile System (QRSAM) - 15 Nov 20

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QRSAM: A Fact File

India contributes 1 million USD to Covid-19 ASEAN Response Fund - 15 Nov 20

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ASEAN: A Fact File

India-ASEAN Relationship:

Fifteen Asian Asian Economies sign World largest China-backed deal in RCEP - 15 Nov 20

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Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership(RCEP):
United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement(USMCA):

International Day for Tolerance is celebrated on 16 November - 16 Nov 20

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Madan Jeet Singh: Brief History

National Press Day observed on November 16 - 16 Nov 20

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Constitutional provisions:

Nitish Kumar appointed as Chief Minister of Bihar - 16 Nov 20

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  • On November 16, 2020, the President of Janata Dal Nitish Kumar was appointed as the Chief Minister of Bihar for the fourth consecutive term. 
  • The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor.
  • The Chief Ministers and the Prime Ministers in India are appointed by the Governor and President respectively. 
  • On the other hand, the Members of Legislative Assembly and Members of Parliament are elected by the people.  
  • According to Article 164, the Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor.
  • The Chief Minister has to communicate with Governor about decisions of council of ministers.
Nitish Kumar : A fact file
  • He is an Indian politician, who is serving as 22nd Chief Minister of Bihar, a state in India, since 2015 and has served in that role on five previous occasions. 
  • He has also served as a minister in the Union Government of India. Kumar is a member of the Janata Dal political party.
  • Education: National Institute of Technology Patna (1972), Patna Science College
  • Awards: CNN-IBN Indian of the Year in Politics, NDTV Indian of the Year, NDTV Indian of the Year, CNN-IBN Indian of the Year.

Tristan da Cunha becomes the largest Marine Protection Zone of Atlantic Ocean - 16 Nov 20

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Tristan da Cunha: A Fact File
Blue Belt Programme : A Fact File

NE State Arunachal Pradesh Tops the Sex Ratio - 17 Nov 20

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China has begun to build Railway Line to Connect China and Tibet - 17 Nov 20

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PM Modi to attend 12th BRICS Summit - 17 Nov 20

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BRICS - India: 

DIPAM and World Bank sign Agreement - 17 Nov 20

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What is DIPAM’s Plan on Asset Monetisation?

Aryna Sabalenka wins Linz Title - 17 Nov 20

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Aryna Sabalenka:

Life Expectancy in India increases to 70.8 years: Lancet Report - 17 Nov 20

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Maternal Mortality Rate:

International Day for the Eradication of Poverty observed on October 17 - 17 Nov 20

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Theme: Acting together to achieve social and environmental justice for all
Millennium Development Goal:
Different Committees:

East Asia Summit being Held in Vietnam - 18 Nov 20

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GAIL Completes Kochi-Mangaluru Pipeline - 18 Nov 20

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Benefits of the Project:

Kerala Fibre Optic Network Project Free Internet - 18 Nov 20

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Kris Gopalakrishnan appointed the first Chairperson of Reserve Bank Innovation Hub - 18 Nov 20

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Kris Gopalakrishnan Committee:
What is Non-personal data?

India bans import of refrigerators, Air Conditioners completely - 18 Nov 20

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