International Day of Peace is observed on 21 September


  • United Nations International Day of Peace is observed on September 21.
  • The theme of International Day of Peace 2019 is Climate Action for Peace.
  • The theme focuses on the need of combating climate change as a way to protect and promote peace throughout the world. 
  • The climate change causes clear threats to international peace and security. 
  • Due to natural disasters millions of people are forced to leave their homes and seek safety. 
  • The food security is hampering by the salinization of water and crops.
International Day of Peace: Brief History
  • The International Day of Peace established by the UN resolution on 1981 and first time celebrated in 1982. It was celebrated on the third Tuesday of September each year. 
  • The main focus of declaring 21 September day as International Day of Peace is to encourage people to work in cooperation and to maintain worldwide peace.
  • In 2015, the United Nations member States adopted the 17 Sustainable Development Goals because it was understood that to obtain worldwide peace it is necessary to focus on the economic and social development for all people everywhere and to ensure that their rights were protected. 
  • The various issues are covered in the Sustainable Development Goals including poverty, health, education, climate change, gender equality, water, sanitation, energy, environment and social justice.
  • The Sustainable Development Goal 13 focuses on Climate Action, need for immediate call to all to lower greenhouse gas emissions, to build resilience and improve education on climate change. 
  • There is a need to encourage people about the use of renewable energy, clean technologies.
  • Every year UN International Day of Peace is celebrated to encourage people about worldwide peace which can be achieved by focusing on and understanding the factors of climate change.