World Biofuel Day is observed every year on 10th of August.
Its main aim is to create awareness about the importance of non-fossil fuels as an alternative
to conventional fossil fuels and highlight the various efforts made by
Government in the biofuel sector.
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas will
organize World Biofuel Day on 10th August 2019 at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi.
Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas & Steel Shri.
This year the theme of the World Biofuel Day is “Production of
Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil (UCO)”.
Biofuels have the benefits of reduction of import
dependence, cleaner environment, additional income to farmers and employment
Biofuel programme also
compliments Government of India’s initiatives for Make in India, Swachh Bharat
and increasing farmers income.
of initiatives have been undertaken to increase production and blending of
biofuels since 2014.
In India, the same cooking oil is used for repeated frying
which adversely affects the health due to formation of polar compounds during
These polar compounds are associated with diseases such as
hypertension, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, liver diseases among
UCO is either not discarded at all or disposed off in an
environmentally hazardous manner choking drains and sewerage systems.
The National Policy on Biofuels, released by the Government
of India in 2018, envisages production of biofuel from UCO.
Food Safety and
Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is implementing a strategy to divert UCO
from the food value chain and curb current illegal usage.
The benefits of transformation
of UCO will help bring health benefits as there would be no recycling of the
UCO, employment generation, infrastructural investment in rural areas &
cleaner environment with reduced carbon footprint.
At present, approximately 850 crore litres of High Speed
Diesel (HSD) is consumed on a monthly basis in India.
The National Policy on
Biofuels - 2018 envisages a target of 5% blending of Biodiesel in HSD by 2030.
In order to achieve the blending target, 500 crore litres of Biodiesel is
required in a year.
In India, approximately, 22.7 MMTPA (2700 crore litres) of
Cooking Oil is used out of which 1.2 MMTPA (140 Crore).
UCO can be collected
from Bulk Consumers such as hotels, restaurants, canteens, etc. for conversion,
which will give approximately 110 crore litres of Biodiesel in one year.
Presently there is no established collection chain for UCO.
Thus, there is a
huge opportunity in production of biodiesel from UCO.
To facilitate the production of Biodiesel from UCO, the Oil
Marketing Companies shall float an Expression of Interest (EOI) for procurement
of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil across 100 cities.
The purpose of inviting
this EOI is to encourage the applicants to set up Biodiesel producing plants
from Used Cooking Oil (UCO), processing plants and further utilizing the
existing potential of UCO based Bio-diesel in India.
On this occasion, a sticker on RUCO viz., Repurpose Used
Cooking Oil and a mobile app to facilitate the collection of UCO shall also be
released by FSSAI.
Interactive sessions on Second Generation Ethanol &
Biodiesel from UCO shall also be held.
The sessions will focus on issues and
hurdles being faced by the sector and dwell on how to overcome these hurdles
for effective implementation of the blending program across the country.