India is the second largest producer of silk in the world
and the total raw silk production in the country increased by 10.52 % during
2018-19 over the previous year.
Among the four varieties of silk produced in 2018-19,
Mulberry accounts for 71.50 % (25,213 MT), Tussar 8.44 % (2,977 MT), Eri 19.40 %
(6,839 MT) and Muga 0.66 % (232 MT) of the provisional total raw silk
production of 35,261 MT.
The total raw silk production in the country increased by
10.52 % (35,261 Metric Tonne (MT)) during 2018-19 over the previous year
2017-18 (31,906 MT).
The Central Silk Board (CSB), a statutory body under the
Ministry of Textiles is encouraging production and export of silk.
To benefit farmers engaged in sericulture, CSB is
implementing a restructured Central Sector Scheme ‘Silk Samagra’, which mainly
focuses on improving quality and productivity of domestic silk thereby reducing
the country’s dependence on imported silk.
Under the scheme, assistance is extended to sericulture
stakeholders for the beneficiary oriented components like, raising of Kissan
Nursery, Plantation with improved Mulberry varieties, Irrigation, Chawki
Rearing Centres with incubation facility, construction of rearing houses