124th Constitutional Amendment Bill passed


  • Parliament on 9 January 2019 cleared the Constitutional Amendment Bill guaranteeing 10% quota in education and employment to economically weaker sections in the general category. 
  • This followed the approval of the bill by the Rajya Sabha. 
  • The Lok Sabha had passed the bill a day earlier on 8 January 2019. Later on 12 January 2019 President Ram Nath Kovind signed the Bill to give it constitutional authority.
  • The pertaining constitutional amendment bill is the 124 Amendment Bill that was introduced by Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thawar Chand Gehlot in the Parliament on 7 January 2019.
  • The reservation would be applicable to jobs in both Central and State governments. 
  • However, the legislation gives powers to States to determine the economic criteria for identification of beneficiaries.