e-NAM for farmers: Modi government’s flagship programme starts inter-state trade

Highlights:

  • The NDA government’s flagship programme electronic national agriculture market (e-NAM) has started inter-state trade on its platform, facilitating traders of one state to buy agricultural produce of a different state.
  • Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh have allowed trading through the e-NAM platform following which farmers of Uttar Pradesh have been able to sell their vegetables such as tomato, potato, brinjal and cauliflower to traders outside the state.
  • The e-NAM portal was launched by prime minister Narendra Modi in April 2016.
  • Even as the country’s annual production of agriculture and horticulture crops estimated at about 590 million tonne, the traded volume of agricultural produce on e-NAM was only 10.9 million tonne in 2017-18, though up from from 5.5 million tonne a year earlier.
  • The traded value increased to Rs 28,255 crore in last fiscal from Rs 13,274 crore in 2016-17.
  • During April-December this fiscal, over 6 million tonne of commodities valued at about Rs 17,500 crore have been traded on it.
  • After the launch of inter-mandi trade within a state from August last year, the focus shifted to inter-state trading and with the signing of agreement between Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh governments, actual transaction has happened.
  • Already eight states have allowed inter-mandi transaction on the e-NAM platform.
  • The latest to join was Rajasthan while a few more states are expected to allow inter-mandi trade by March.
  • Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand are the other states where inter-mandi trade within the state has already commenced. The Centre last month expanded the list of traded commodities on e-NAM to 114 from 90 earlier by including agriculture and horticulture produce like pineapple, papaya, pumpkin, jute and betel leaves.
  • The very first inter-state transaction in tomatoes has been carried out between traders of Bareilly APMC of Uttar Pradesh and farmers of Haldwani APMC of Uttarakhand.
  • Similarly, the inter-state transactions in potatoes, brinjal and cauliflower have also been carried out on e-NAM.
  • In all the cases, e-payments have been made through e-NAM portal, which helps farmers get better market access, more buyers and realise higher prices for their produce.
  • The government has decided to integrate 415 mandis under the e-NAM platform by 2019-20 after covering 585 mandis in less than two years of its launch.
  • This year, the government targets to add 200 mandis and next year the remaining 215 mandis will be linked with the electronic national agriculture market (e-NAM).
  • The e-NAM portal has been managed by Small Farmers’ Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC).