India and China signed the first-ever internal security cooperation agreement


  • India and China during October 2018 achieved  important breakthrough in bilateral relations.
  • Both nations signed their first ever internal security cooperation agreement, ensuring support to each other in dealing with problems of terrorism, human trafficking, smuggling of drugs and arms etc.
  • The historic agreement was signed in New Delhi during a high-level meeting chaired by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh and China’s minister for public security, Zhao Kezhi.
  • In the absence of an extradition treaty with China, the two countries have not exchanged each other’s sentenced prisoners, but this pact may change that. 
  • There are at least 10 Indians in Chinese prisons and an equal number of Chinese citizens in Indian prisons.