INS Karanj, India's third Scorpene class submarine, launched in Mumbai
INS Karanj, India's third Scorpene class submarine, was
launched in Mumbai.
The submarine was launched at the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders
Ltd (MDL), and navy chief Admiral Sunil Lanba was the chief guest.
Karanj was the third Scorpene class submarine built by MDL under
the ambitious Project 75 scheme of the Indian Navy.
In all, there will be six such submarines being indigenously
All six were designed by French naval defence and energy
company DCNS, and are being built in Mumbai.
The first of these, INS Kalvari, was commissioned in Mumbai
(link) last December.
The second, INS Khanderi, is undergoing sea trials. All
submarines are due to be inducted gradually into the Indian Navy by 2020.
The ambitious plan incurred a massive Rs 3.5 billion cost
for the Indian Navy. As per the original schedule, two of the submarines were
to be commissioned last year, but the project has fallen behind schedule.
The first four submarines will be conventional, while the
last two are to be equipped with the Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system,
which will enable the vessel to stay underwater for longer duration.
All six diesel-electric attack submarines will be equipped
with an anti-ship missile, which has a proven record in combat, besides other
The state-of-the-art features of the Scorpene submarines
include superior stealth and ability to launch crippling attacks with
The attacks can be carried out with torpedoes both while
submerged or on the surface - in all war theatres, including the tropics,
giving it an unmatched invulnerability.
The submarine has an overall length of 67.5 metres and
height of about 12.3 metres.
The hull form, fin and hydroplanes are specifically designed
to produce minimum underwater resistance.
INS Karanj too is a
reincarnation of an older submarine that was in operation from 1969 to 2003.
It served the country for 34 years and was also part of
operations in 1971.