India's Dalveer Bhandari, 70, has been re-elected to the
International Court of Justice (ICJ), winning the last of five seats for which
elections were held, after Britain pulled out its candidate Christopher
Greenwood before the 12th round of voting.
For 11 rounds, the two were locked in a stalemate with
Justice Bhandari getting majority support in the United Nations General
Assembly and Justice Greenwood in the UN Security Council, both of which vote
in elections to the world court.
One-third of the ICJ's 15-member bench, or five judges, is
elected every three years for a nine-year term.
Elections are held separately but simultaneously in the
United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and the UN Security Council in New York.
To win, a candidate needs to get a majority in both
This is the first time since the ICJ there will be no
ICJ is based in The
It was established in 1945.
Once the British candidate withdrew, both the UNGA and the
security council formally voted to elect Justice Dalveer Bhandari, a former
Supreme Court judge.
He received 183 out of 193 votes in the General Assembly and
all the 15 votes in the Security Council.
On November 9, the UNGA and Security Council members had
elected judges to four of the five seats, with India and Britain competing for
Repeatedly over 11 rounds, the UNGA, made up of 193
countries, voted overwhelmingly for
Dalveer Bhandari, while the 15-member Security Council voted 9 to 5 in
favour of Britain, which is one of five permanent members of the security
council. India is currently not a member.
In all previous such contests, the candidate who got a
majority in the General Assembly was eventually elected, but Britain was at one
point seen to be pushing for a joint conference mechanism, never resorted to
since the UN was established and only once before that.
A joint conference would've involved picking three countries
each from the the UNGA and the UNSC, which would then choose one candidate.