Swachh Survekshan Gramin - 2017:The Swachh Bharat Mission in rural India

Highlights: 

  • The Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has come up with the Swachh Survekshan Gramin 2017.
  • It is third party survey report by the Quality Council of India (QCI) noting on the effectiveness of Swachh Bharat Mission in rural India.
  • The survey was undertaken between May and June 2017 taking into account the rural sanitation across 4626 villages in all states and union territories.
  • The Quality Council of India (QCI) was set up in  the 1997 to asses and accredit bodies in the field of health, education and quality promotion.
  • The Union Government jointly with Indian Industry made QCI an autonomous body.
  • According to the QCI report, 62.45 % of the households have access to a toilet in the rural areas and out of the people with had access to a toilet, 91.29 % of the people used it
  • Going into the number of toilets, over 4.54 crore household toilets have been constructed since the launch of the Swachh Bharat Mission
  • 2,20,104 villages, 160 districts and 5 States have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF)
  • Sanitation Coverage has increased from 39 % in October 2016 to 66 % in August 2017
  • The top performers in hygiene includes Northeastern States of Sikkim, Nagaland and Manipur with 95 per cent rural households having toilets
  • Other top performing states were Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand where toilet coverage in the rural houses was 90%.
  • Almost all rural households in Kerala, Tamil Nadu Haryana and Gujarat have been lauded to have a high access to a toilet
  • The worst performing states in terms of rural sanitation includes Bihar with a 30 % coverage, Uttar Pradesh with 37 % coverage and Jharkhand with 37 % coverage of toilets.