World Child Labour : India set to ratify global conventions to combat against it
India is set to ratify two key global conventions on
combating child labour in bringing all the world's children under the ambit of
The World Day Against
Child Labour recently marked annually on June 12, by International Labour Organisation (ILO).
ILO's Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138) and the Worst
Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) have now been ratified by 169
and 180 member states respectively.
June 13 will have the honour of receiving India's
ratification of both the conventions.
That great step forward towards universal ratification will
mean that almost all children in the world will be covered by Convention 182;
and that coverage of Convention 138 will leap from 60 % to 80 %.
The government of India had in March this year approved
ratification of two fundamental conventions of the ILO to address concerns
related to child labour.
India would join majority of countries that have adopted the
legislation to prohibit and place severe restrictions on the employment and
work of children.
India's decision for ratification of Convention 182 and
Convention 138 was "long overdue" in providing justice to the
The children in areas affected by conflict and disasters are
among the most vulnerable, making a strong call for an end to the scourge,
especially as children trapped in crises risk falling prey to trafficking or
being forced into hazardous work.
There are still 168
million children in child labour, out of which 85million of them are engaged in
A significant portion these children find themselves
undertaking dangerous work, living in areas affected by conflict and disaster
and they are the focus of the 2017 commemoration of the World Day Against Child
As the world strives to achieve the elimination of child
labour by 2025, the UN underlined that conflicts and disasters have a
devastating impact on people's lives.
Globally over 1.5 billion people live in countries that are
affected by conflict, violence and fragility.
At the same time,
around 200 million people are affected by disasters every year.