The Planning Commission was on replaced by a new think-tank,
It will be headed by the Prime Minister and will have all
Chief Ministers as members in a broad-based Governing Council to involve states
in evolving national development priorities.
The inclusion of Chief Ministers and Lt. Governors in the
Governing Council is a break with the past in the structuring of NITI Aayog
(National Institution for Transforming India)
The body will have a Vice Chairperson and a CEO in addition
to five full-time members and two part-time members, while four union ministers
would serve as ex-officio members.
The erstwhile command economy era body set up nearly 65
years ago by late Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had a Deputy Chairman and
full-time members with a member secretary, an official, as a convener.
It will put an end to slow and tardy implementation of
A Cabinet resolution setting up the new body said that
Regional Councils will be formed to address specific issues and contingencies
impacting more than one state or a region.
They will comprise the Chief Ministers and Lt. Governors in
These will be chaired by the Chairperson of the NITI Aayog
or his nominee.
The NITI Aayog will also have experts, specialists and
practitioners with relevant domain knowledge as special invitees nominated by
the Prime Minister.
The two part-time members of the new body would be from
leading universities and research organisations.
The body will serve as a 'Think Tank' of the government as a
directional and policy dynamo and would provide the governments at the Centre
and in states with strategic and technical advice on key policy matters
including economic issues of national and international importance.
The resolution invokes the words of leaders like Mahatma
Gandhi, B R Ambedkar, Swami Vivekanand and Deen Dayal Upadhyaya in the
constitution of the new body.
As per the Resolution, the NITI Aayog will provide a
'national agenda' for the Prime Minister and Chief Ministers to foster
cooperative federalism while recognising that strong states make a strong
It will also interact with other national and international
Think Tanks, as also with educational and policy research institutions.
The NITI Aayog has been set up after extensive consultations
across the spectrum of stakeholders including states, domain experts and
The new body has been set up by a resolution of Union
Cabinet as done in case of Planning Commission which was established on 15th
The NITI Aayog will monitor and evaluate implementation of
programmes and will seek to progress from food security to ensuring actual
returns that farmers get from their produce.
Its objective would also include use of technology to reduce
opacity and potential for misadventure in governance.
The NITI Aayog aims to prepare the country to better deal
with issues like poverty alleviation, safeguarding of environmental and
ecological assets, redressal of gender, cast and economic inequalities.
It will also give policy support to more than 50 million
small businesses to create jobs.
It will provide key inputs on various policy matters.