Every year Vijay Diwas is celebrated on December 16.
is celebrated to mark the victory of Bangladesh over Pakistan.
It is marked in
India and Bangladesh. On December 16, 1971, the Chief of Pakistani forces
Abdullah Khan Niazi surrendered along with 93,000 troops to the allied forces
of Mukti Bahini and the Indian Army.
Vijay Diwas is observed in Bangladesh as
The 1971 war resulted in the liberation of East Pakistan.
It was a military confrontation between India and Pakistan.
The war was first fought between East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and Pakistan.
India entered the war after Pakistan conducted premptive aerial strikes on
eleven Indian air stations.
The war ended after Pakistan military signed the Instrument
of Surrender with the Eastern command of the Indian Army.
During the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, the Pakistani
military and the Islamist militias killed more than three million Bangladesh
They also raped more than 400,000 Bangladeshi women and girls.
Kargil Vijay Diwas: A fact File
The Kargil Vijay Diwas is marked on July 26. It is
celebrated in the honour of Kargil war heroes.
The Kargil conflict is also
referred to as Operation Vijay.
There were three major phases in Kargil war. First, Pakistan
captured the Indian controlled section of Kashmir at various high points.
the second phase, India responded by capturing several strategic high points.
In the third phase, India succeeded in pushing the Pakistani forces back to the
Line of Control.
During the war, the Indian Air Force launched Operation
The war was fought with great difficulties.
This is because
Kargil, the site of conflict is located at a height of around 16,000 to 18,000
feet above the sea level.
Thus, the aircrafts were required to fly at 20,000
At these heights, the density of air is 30% less as compared to that of
the sea level.