The first Maritime Theatre Command (MTC) of India is to be
launched in 2021.
The MTC will look after the 7,516-km long coastline, the
entire Indian Ocean Region and the 1,382 islands.
This is important to counter
Chinese ever-expanding naval foot-print in the Indian Ocean Region.
the largest Navy with 350 warships and submarines.
The MTC will subsume the Western Naval Command (Mumbai),
tri-service Andaman and Nicobar Command (Port Blair), Eastern Naval Command
(Vizag) and the southern Air Command (Thiruvananthapuram).
The MTC will report to the joint chiefs of staffs committee
led by the CDS (Chief of Defence Staff).
The main objective of the Maritime Theatre Command is to
integrate the assets of Indian Air Force, Indian Navy and Army and the Coast
It is the first geographical theatre command being created
as a part of the biggest ever military restructuring plan.
The 91 Brigade located at Thiruvananthapuram and the 108
Brigade located at Port Blair is to bring the requisite “Expeditionary Reaction
Capability” of land forces to the Maritime Theatre Command.
The Western and Eastern Coast Guards along with their patrol
boats, helicopters and aircrafts will be responsible for coastal security under
The BrahMos cruise missiles, Sukhoi-30 MKI fighter jets at
Thanjavur of Tamil Nadu and the Jaguar fighter jets at Jamnagar and other air
assets operating under the Southern Air Command will in turn report to the MTC.
The Andaman and Nicobar will no longer have a C-in-C level
It will be headed by a fortress commander who will in turn report to
C-in-C of the Eastern Naval Command.
The Eastern Naval Command in turn reports
to the MTC.
Similar theatre commands are to be launched for the land
borders with China and Pakistan.
India currently has seventeen single-service commands.
includes seven Army commands, three Navy commands and seven Indian Air Force
Only two existing tri service command came up after 1999 Kargil war.
The Andaman and Nicobar command was set up as a geographical command in October
The nuclear arsenal command came up in January 2003.
One of the key responsibilities of the CDS is to ensure
integration among the three services.