India is to see the first five animal overpasses on the
The expressway is under construction.
The animal bridges were planned to avoid disturbances to
Ranthambore Wildlife Corridor that connects Mukundra and Ranthambhore Wildlife
The plan of the animal bridges have been approved by the Central
The Rajasthan Government has also approved the project.
Following these approvals, the NHAI (National Highway Authority of India) has
begun the infrastructure activities.
The work to construct these animal bridges
is to begin by November or December, 2020.
What are Animal Bridges ?
The animal bridges are natural looking structures over the
corridor that will provide safe passage for the wildlife.
The animals under the plan will get passage at every
The animal passages are to be developed as a part of forest
corridor with trees.
Therefore, the animals will find the corridor natural.
The animal bridges will have boundary wall of eight metres
with a sound barrier of 3-4 metres in the wildlife section.
Under the plan, around five underground stretches are to be
developed. The combined length of these stretches is 2.5 km.
The animal bridges will help prevent man-animal conflict and
also avoid collisions between animals and vehicles.
Ranthambore National Park: A Fact file
It is located in Rajasthan. It was declared one of the
Project Tiger reserves in 1973.
The National Park hosts deciduous forests and
wildlife such as Indian Leopard, Bengal Tiger, wild boar, sloth bear, mugger
crocodile, etc. The park is bounded by Chambal river in the south and Banas
river in the north.
What are the Criteria to create a National Park ?
A National Park can be created by both central and state
However, alteration in boundaries shall be made only through
resolution passed by State Legislature.
No human activities are permitted in the national park.
In India, the National Parks are IUCN Category II protected
The first National Park established in India was the Hailey National
Park in 1936.
The species that are included in Schedule of Wildlife Act
are also not allowed for capturing or hunting in national parks.