Tiger Census : India sets a New Guinness Record

Highlights:

  • India's tiger census of 2018 has entered the Guinness Book of World Records for being the largest ever camera-trap wildlife survey conducted anywhere in the world. 
  • According to the survey, the country was home to an estimated 2,967 tigers, nearly 75 % of the global population.
  • The fourth cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation 2018, results of which were declared to the nation on Global Tiger Day last year by Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi.     
  • India has already fulfilled its determination to double tiger numbers, made in St. Petersburg in 2010, well before the 2022 target year.
Project Tiger: A fact file
  • As well as unprecedented camera trap usage, the 2018 “Status of Tigers in India” assessment also conducted extensive foot surveys that covered 522,996 km (324,975 mi) of trails and sampled 317,958 habitat plots for vegetation and prey dung. 
  • It’s estimated that the total area of forest studied was 381,200 km2 (147,181 sq mi) and cumulatively the collection and review of data equated to some 620,795 labour-days.”
  • The quadrennial All India Tiger Estimate is managed by the National Tiger Conservation Authority with technical backstop from India 's Wildlife Institute and implemented by departments and partners from State Forest. 
  • The latest 2018 findings showed that India now has an estimated 2967 tigers out of which photographed 2461 individual tigers, a whopping 83 percent of the tiger population, reflecting the detailed nature of the survey.
  • There is hardly any equivalent of such a based species-oriented program as Project Tiger in the world, which began with 9 Tiger Reserves, currently with 50 tiger reserves. 
  • India has now firmly established a leading role in the conservation of tigers, with its bench marking practices viewed as a gold standard worldwide.