World Population Day is an annual event, observed on July 11 every year, which seeks to raise awareness of global population issues.
The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989.
It was inspired by the public interest in Five Billion Day on July 11, 1987, the approximate date on which the world's population reached five billion people. World Population Day aims to increase people's awareness on various population issues such as the importance of family planning, gender equality, poverty, maternal health and human rights.
The day was suggested by Dr. K.C.Zachariah in which population reaches Five Billion when he worked as Sr Demographer at World Bank.
Inspired by the ‘The Day of Five Billion (observed on 11th
July 1987 as an approximate day when the world population crossed 5 billion)’,
the World Population Day was established in 1989 as an initiative taken by the
Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and was
observed first on 11th July 1989.
Following this, in December 1990, by adopting resolution
45/216, the General Assembly of the United Nations declared 11th July to be
observed as World Population Day.
The Day is being observed every year to focus
attention and create awareness on the urgency and importance of rising
population issues across the world.
As per UNFPA, the 2020 Focus will be on: ‘Peace in the Home:
Safeguarding the Health and Rights of Women and Girls- Even During COVID-19’
At the time of a global pandemic, the UNFPA (United Nations
Population Fund) has decided to focus and raise awareness on the
vulnerabilities and myths that exist in our societies against the Women and
Girls. These vulnerabilities and myths result in unintended pregnancies and
even led to gender-based violence in many countries across the world.
As per UNFPA, about 47 million women across low and
middle-income economies around the world won’t have access to modern
contraceptives if the global pandemic continues for another 6 months. This may
lead to unintended 7 million pregnancies across the world.
Rising Global Population
As estimated in March 2020, the global
population is estimated to have crossed 7.8 billion. As per records, it took
the human population more than 200 millennia to reach 1 billion population.
Since then, it took a couple of centuries for the world human population to
cross the mark of 7 billion. As per projects, the human population in