Registrar General of India released Birth rate, death rate: IMR

Highlights:

  • Data released by the Registrar General of India stated that India's infant mortality rate (IMR) has improved very marginally from 33 per 1,000 live births in 2017 to 32 in 2018.
Details Analysis:
  • The report stated that Madhya Pradesh has the worst IMR in the country at 48 and Nagaland stands the best at 4. In 2017, Madhya Pradesh's IMR stood at 47.
  • Among large states, Kerala has performed best with an IMR in single digits at 7. 
  • Also, only Kerala state has now achieved the United Nations' sustainable development goal in this regard.
  • The report stated that the largest decline in IMR has been registered by Mizoram, with a decline from 15 to 5. 
  • Undivided Jammu and Kashmir has shown a decline and is at 22, well below the national average of 32.
  • Child and infant mortality stands as a massive problem in India despite improvements over the years. In 2018, an estimated 8,82,000 children under the age of 5 died in India.
  • Registrar General of India also released data for death and birth rates. 
  • India’s birth rate stood at 20. The death rate was 6.2. Chhattisgarh has the highest death rate in the country at 8 whereas Delhi has the lowest at 3.
  • Birth rate in India has declined from 36 in 1971 to 20 now. 
  • The death rate in 1971 was 14.9.
  • It is noted that Mortality rate (or death rate) is a measure of the number of deaths in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time.